Name an adorable dog breed and chances are, pugs are on the list! These little dogs are indeed very famous simply because of their unique appearance: scrunchy face, pudgy feet and a muscular body! What is not to like?
Now if there is a marshmallow colored Pug nearby, which is not a standard color by the way, it gets a little more intriguing!
Let’s find out more about the snowy white version of this toy dog.
What is a White Pug?
Standard colors of Pugs are silver, apricot-fawn, or all black based on American Kennel Club’s site. But yes, white pugs, while very rare, do exist because of cross-breeding.
White pugs are not only one in a million but they are also very controversial! Some people would even go to lengths by saying they are not real Pugs anymore! Since white is also not a standard color, some claim that Kennel Clubs also do not recognize them!
Controversy aside, please take note that white pugs are not the same with the even more contentious Albino Pugs.
History of a White Pug
Pug has a very long history tracing as far back as the 400 BC or 2,000 years ago! In ancient China, Pugs are loved by emperors because of their flat-face which is also evident in other dogs originating from China such as the Pekingese and Shih Tzu. Practically a member of the Imperial Court, they are considered a closely held creature and outsiders could only acquire them as a gift.
Apart from being a mischievous companion of the Chinese emperors, they also became the mascot of Holland’s Royal House of Orange especially after a pug saved the prince’s life by barking a warning from the incoming Spanish troops. When the prince and his wife assumed the monarchy throne, the Pugs accompanied them thus began the craze on these little pooches.
The term Pug came from the Latin word “pugnus” which funnily translates to “fist”. Why fist? Because they claim that a pug’s face looks like a clenched fist. They are also known by the name “Mopshond” which in Dutch means “to grumble.” It is very apt for Pugs since they are known to snore, grumble and wheeze. Indeed the Pug Latin motto, “multum in parvo” or a lot in a little fits their personality very well.
Pug was recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1885 while in 1931 the Pug Club of America was established popularizing this breed.
For the origin of the white pugs, it is not very clear; the same as with many cross-breeds. However, there are photographic accounts that emperors in the olden days carry white pugs.
The Appearance of White Pug
What does AKC’s 28th most popular dog in white look like? Very much like a Pug, only in white! Yes, that scrunchy face with big, sparkling eyes, pudgy feet, screw-like tail and a surprisingly muscular body are still present!
In terms of size, white pugs are not any bigger or smaller. Yes, the same height of 10 to 13 inches and weight of 14 to 18 pounds still apply!
The Temperament of a White Pug
AKC described this tubby dog as charming, mischievous and loving. Their personality is like a clown and because of their silliness and playful bouts, they are sure to bring sunshine to any home.
Speaking of homes, they are suitable in a household with children, cats and other pets. They are gentle companion dogs! But they are not to be left unsupervised with kids.
Due to their very small nature, they can get easily hurt. Plus, kids must be taught not to pull their tails or ears and play rash! Or even disturb these little dogs while eating (which is their favorite, by the way).
Pugs are also called velcro dogs because they love just to happily relax on their owner’s lap and just be stroked all day long. They love to be with their owners so much that they have the tendency to tail their owners wherever!
A warning though: do not leave pugs for a long time or they can get extremely mischievous!
While cuddly and all, Pugs also have a stubborn streak and sometimes strong-willed. But nevertheless, they will brighten up any home or even an apartment!
White Pug Grooming
Pugs have short and smooth coats and that means they need minimal grooming maintenance. Yahoo! Weekly brushing is enough to keep this muscular beast at its best.
Pugs also do not need bathing frequently unless they become really dirty. However, the creases on their faces need extra attention so make sure it is always clean and dry.
Small dogs are also prone to periodontal diseases so regular brushing of teeth is recommended.
In terms of the nails, when it is clicking on the floor already, it is a signal that they need it cut already.
Exercise Needs of a White Pug
Apart from eating, Pugs love to sleep! If they have it their own way, they will just happily lounge around the whole day like a boss! Not to mention they might demand lots of belly rub.
Love of food and sedentary life is a sure-fire way to really get fat! Thus it is very important to exercise this tiny little creature; which will take a lot of effort, by the way.
A good 40-minute light exercise is recommended for Pugs. It can be in the form of a morning walk or late afternoon walk but never anything strenuous. Just take note that due to their brachycephalic face or shorter snout than usual, breathing is harder for them. Thus, exercise should only be mild and must not be done at the peak of the day or else they can suffer overheating.
Make sure in exercises, freshwater is readily available for them.
Training a White Pug
Pugs have fair working intelligence and they are on the 57th spot on the list of smart dogs. It means that they can understand new commands with just forty to eighty repetitions. Apart from being smart, they are also eager to please their owners which makes them relatively easier to train.
Armed with lots of patience, positive training techniques are recommended as their feelings can get easily hurt with harsh words. Since they love food, giving them treats after a job well done to motivate them. Just make sure that the treats are healthy and just about 10% of their recommended daily intake.
As early as a pup, they must be trained already on how to socialize with other humans, pets and even different kinds of surroundings. Enrolling a puppy Pug in training classes is also recommended for this strong-willed dog.
Caring For a White Pug
As mentioned, Pugs have a brachycephalic face which means that because their muzzles are way too short, they experience airway obstruction. Because breathing is laborious for them, they make Pug sounds such as snoring, snorting, wheezing, snuffling and grunting. Apart from those, they also experience sleep apnea and even flatulence.
Taking care of a Pug needs extra attention.
Diet of A White Pug
Warning: Pugs love to eat thus they are prone to obesity! As such, recommended serving sizes must be observed for them. If the recommended meal is 1 cup a day, it must be made of high-quality food appropriate for its size, age and activity levels.
Again, their treats must be low in calories too such as vegetables.
The Health of A White Pug
Apart from Brachycephalic Obstructive Airway Syndrome (BOAS), Pugs are also predisposed to the following health conditions:
Pug Dog Encephalitis (PDE)- called necrotizing meningoencephalitis or inflammation of the brain; this is characterized by seizures, disorientation, lethargy, loss of muscle control and marked behavioral changes such as wandering in circles or pressing their head against the wall.
Hemivertebrae- due to the Pug’s screwtail, its spinal bone is malformed. This leads to limb weakness, urinary incontinence and even paralysis.
Hip dysplasia- this means that the hip was improperly formed so that it partially dislocates! This is painful for dogs!
Pug Myelopathy- it is a neurological condition that also arises due to the malformation of the spinal bones. It can progress to hind end paralysis.
Skin Infections- especially on their wrinkly face that are prone to yeast and staph infections!
With these, Pug Dog Club of America recommends the following health tests:
- Hip Evaluation
- Patella Evaluation
- Ophthalmologist Evaluation
- Pug Dog Encephalitis DNA Test
Life Expectancy of a White Pug
With proper care, diet, grooming and regular visit to the vet, Pugs can live from 11 to 15 years.
How Much Is A White Pug?
Because white Pugs are rare, the price tag of a white Pug is USD 1,000 and can go as high as USD 6,000!
Apart from this upfront fee, get ready also for the other needs of the Pug like high-quality food, vitamins, regular vet visits and grooming.
What Is An Albino Pug?
Most pet owners are confused if their dog is just simply a white Pug or an albino Pug. If a white or normal Pug comes already with considerable health issues, Albino Pugs come with tons of it.
A white pug will have black lips, black nose and black-rimmed eyes but an Albino pug is simply pink thus they are called a pink pug.
Albinism is a flawed genetic condition where there is a lack of melanin in the body. Some of the added issues Albino pugs encounters are:
- Sensitivity to light- their eyes will be more sensitive to light so being outdoors is a strain to them.
- UV generated skin cancers- they are more susceptible to sunburns and skin cancers!
An Albino Pug will require lots of extra care. They also require lots of extra money as they can cost about USD 19,000!
White Pugs sure has a lot of health concerns but it does not mean that they do not deserve a home who will love them. A future owner with a ready heart to take care of Pugs no matter their flaw will surely be given back lots of love and cuddles!